The Letters

In 1840, the year that the poet and novelist Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) was born, the Uniform Penny Post set in train a communications revolution. Letters, a vital form of communication for the Victorians, could now be sent for one penny between any two places in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland irrespective of distance.

Hardy received thousands of letters, not only from the United Kingdom but from all round the world, including Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, Nigeria, the Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka (then Ceylon), Syria, Tasmania and the USA, from writers (including Grant Allen, J.M. Barrie, Browning, Havelock Ellis, George Egerton, Florence Henniker, Gissing, Kipling, T.E. Lawrence, Amy Levy, Meredith, Charlotte Mew, Ezra Pound, Siegfried Sassoon, Swinburne, Wells, Woolf), artists and illustrators (including Augustus John, George Du Maurier, Helen Paterson), musicians (including Elgar and Holst) and actors, as well as charitable and political organisations, friends and fans.

The letters reveal Hardy’s place in national and international conversations and networks, engaged in intellectual and political debate, and discussion of subjects ranging from science and war to education, feminism and suffrage. They also tell us more about ways in which writers were seen in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and shed new light on the practice of letter writing across class, gender, and geographical boundaries.